Regulations

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Regulations

European Union EU

  • The Packaging and packaging waste Directive 2004/12/EC (amending Directive 94/62/EC) http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?qid=1432287283191&uri=URISERV:l21207
  • Practical and scientific guidelines and methods for use by companies and authorities when setting up systems for compliance with the European Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive (EU/94/62) and the 6 harmonised CEN Standards (EN 13427-13432). Developed by Scandinavian companies, business associations, and institutes in a number of national projects from Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. http://www.opti-pack.org
  • Food contact materials and articles are regulated by:
    • Framework Regulation EC 1935/2004 - general requirements for all food contact materials
    • Legislation on specific materials - groups of materials and articles listed in the Framework Regulation
    • Directives on Individual Substances or groups of substances used in the manufacture of materials and articles intended for food contact
    • National legislation covering groups of materials and articles for which EU legislation is not yet in place
  • Principles for EU legislation
    • Harmonising legislation on food contact materials at EU level aims to:
      • Protect consumers' health;
      • Remove technical barriers to trade.
  • Safety and migration of food contact materials
    • Food contact materials must not transfer their components into the foods in unacceptable quantities (migration).
    • Migration limits for plastic materials:
      • Overall Migration Limit - 10mg of substances/dmĀ² of the food contact surface for all substances that can migrate from food contact materials to foods;
      • Specific Migration Limit (SML) for individual authorised substances fixed on the basis of a toxicological evaluation.
  • SML is set according to the Acceptable Daily Intake or the Tolerable Daily Intake established by the Scientific Committee on Food.
  • The limit is set on the assumption that every day throughout lifetime, a person weighing 60kg eats 1kg of food packed in plastics containing the substance in the maximum permitted quantity.
  • http://ec.europa.eu/food/food/chemicalsafety/foodcontact/index_en.htm